One of the most serious problems of people in the world is obesity, but what is the rational reason to worry about – to be obese or not to be pretty?
First of all, let’s talk about the so-called “beauty standard”. I wonder who established, that only thin people are fascinating? The vision of beauty is individual and nobody can decide the aesthetic standard for others.
The more our society can learn to feel empathy for others, the less judgment we’ll have to spread amongst ourselves. You know the problem is serious — in this case, hating or discriminating against fat people — when one person hates another without ever even having met! But that’s exactly what happens when many men and women encounter someone obese: Snap judgments are made, and the fat person is typically summarily dismissed as lazy or weak.
We definitely have to understand that obesity is a huge problem because of health and not of glamour standards. Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, once considered a problem only in high-income countries, overweight and obesity are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings.
In this article, we explain, why obesity is dangerous and why we have to be careful about our weight. Let’s talk about the clearly visible and inevitable problems that nobody can deny.
Defining Overweight in easy words
When people eat more calories than they use, their bodies store the extra calories as fat. A couple of pounds of extra body fat are not a health risk for most people. But when people keep up a pattern of eating more calories than they burn, more and more fat builds up in their bodies.
Eventually, the body gets to a point where the amount of body fat can harm a person’s health. Doctors use the terms “overweight” or “obese” to tell if someone has a greater chance of developing weight-related health problems.
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People today are gaining weight because of unhealthy food choices (like fast food) and family habits (like eating in front of the TV instead of around a table). High-calorie, low-nutrient snacks and beverages, bigger portions of food, and less-active lifestyles are all contributing to the obesity epidemic.
Health Problems of Being Overweight
Obesity is bad news for both body and mind. Not only can it make someone feel tired and uncomfortable, carrying extra weight puts added stress on the body, especially the bones and joints of the legs. Kids and teens who are overweight are more likely to develop diabetes and other health problems. And overweight adults have a higher chance of getting heart disease. Weight-related health problems include:
- Heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep apnea
- High blood pressure
- Liver disease
- Gallbladder disease
- Certain cancers
How can overweight and obesity be reduced?
Overweight and obesity, as well as their related non-communicable diseases, are largely preventable. Supportive environments and communities are fundamental in shaping people’s choices, by making the choice of healthier foods and regular physical activity the easiest choice (the choice that is the most accessible, available, and affordable), and therefore preventing overweight and obesity.
At the individual level, people can:
Reducing the intake of processed, refined, and ready-made food that is high in sugar and fat, while increasing the consumption of whole grains and other high-fiber foods — such as fresh fruits and vegetables — can help a person to lose weight.
One advantage of a high-fiber diet is that the body feels full more quickly, making it less tempting to eat more. Whole grains help a person to feel full for longer because they release their energy more slowly.
Fiber and whole grains can also help to reduce the risk of a number of conditions related to metabolic syndrome.
Metabolic syndrome is a condition that involves a number of health problems, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular problems. It is more common in people with obesity
But remember also:
Trying to lose weight quickly by crash-dieting carries the following risks:
- New health problems may develop.
- Vitamin deficiencies can occur.
- It is more difficult to achieve healthy weight loss.
How does exercise help in the treatment of obesity?
Exercise is an essential part of any weight-loss program and should become a permanent part of your lifestyle. The benefits of exercise can include:
- burning off calories and losing weight
- maintaining muscle tone
- increasing your metabolic rate (the number of calories your body burns 24 hours a day)
- improving circulation
- improving heart and lung function
- increasing your sense of self-control
- reducing your level of stress
- increasing your ability to concentrate
- improving your appearance
- reducing depression
- suppressing your appetite
- helping you sleep better
- preventing diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol
- decreasing your risk of some cancers, such as breast, ovary, and colon cancer
- engage in regular physical activity
Becoming obese doesn’t happen overnight. Obesity happens over time when the energy we take in by eating is not in balance with the energy we burn from physical activity. This website provides information and resources about the things parents and communities can do to prevent overweight and obesity.
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